Artefacts I find on the River Thames foreshore, London, and how they can help us understand our past and present.
Artefacts I find on the River Thames foreshore, London, and how they can help us understand our past and present.
17th Century pewter button or cufflink featuring a floral motif. Plucked from the mud of the River Thames foreshore, London. . Although the design ostensibly looks like a four leaf clover, it's been suggested it's more likely a Herb-paris or Dogwood flower. Both carried symbolism in the 17th Century. . Herb-paris, also known as 'true lovers' knot', symbolized love. Dogwood, according to legend, was the material used to make the cross upon which Jesus was crucified. After his crucifixion, Jesus supposedly changed the plant to its current form: shortening and twisting it to ensure an end to its use for the construction of crosses. Legend also states he transformed its petals into a representation of the crucifixion itself, representing the four corners of the cross, each bearing a rusty indentation of a nail, the red stamens of the flower representing his crown of thorns, and the clustered red fruit, his blood. . Thoughts welcome... .
It's a privilege to have some of my finds, including this 16th Century merchant's signet ring, featured alongside those of the wider mudlarking community in the forthcoming Foragers of the Foreshore exhibition. . Curated by art historian and mudlarker @flo_finds and featuring the photography of @han_smiles , the exhibition will the most expansive ever staged of artefacts recovered from the Thames. It's part of the Totally Thames festival, an annual celebration of the river. . Foragers of the Foreshore is open to all, 25th-29th September, at the Bargehouse, SE1. In the meantime Hannah's awesome photographs of mudlarking finds are being showcased along the South Bank. . Can't wait and thanks to those involved for including me. . #mudlarkingfinds #mudlarking #mudlark #londonmudlark #totallythames #london #riverthames #southbank #oxotower #treasurehunting #jewelry #archaeology #britishmuseum #museumoflondon #metaldetecting #metaldetctingfinds #antique #vintage #beachcombing #foundobjects #foundobject #art #tatemodern #tudor #history #historylesson #arthistory
Thoughts welcome as to what this unidentified object, found on the River Thames foreshore in a pile of Blitz rubble, might be. One suggestion is that it is part of a gravestone and the upper row is the last two letters of the word 'Pax' ('peace' in Latin ) and the lower row is 'Semper' ('forever/always' ). 18th-19th C? #archaeology #gravestone #graveyard #foundobject #foundobjects #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetctingfinds #metaldetecting #beachcombing #pottery #ceramics #vintage #antique #london #victorian #history #historylesson #death #architecture #caststone #carvedstone #stonecarving
If you're looking for some mudlarking kicks this weekend and next, apart from searching the foreshore, there are three exhibitions that may be of interest on the ever popular E17 Art Trail, Walthamstow. . 'Finding London', presented by yours truly, @mud_historian , showcases a diverse range of finds and associated perspectives on the past, with a small musical twist. See the Central Trail map in the Event Guide for details. Open 9th and 15th June. . 'Mark Snowden's Finds'. Mark ( @marksowden3 ) writes about his work; "I’m always looking and sometimes finding. I pick things up or take photographs and then try to make something out of it all, ordering, shaping and giving attention to what I have". Mark can be found at venue number 141. Open 8th-9th June and 15th-16th June. Finally, ceramicist Raewyn Harrison ( @raewynharrison ) uses finds from the river and images associated with the Thames in her work. She can be found at Lloyd Park Artists Open Studios, venue number 106. Open 14th-16th June. . Image: Early 17th Century Italian Maiolica sherd. . .#archaeology #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #pottery #ceramics #metaldetctingfinds #metaldetecting #history #17thcentury #treasurehunting #beachcombing #riverfinds #london #seaglass #antique #history #historylesson #plate #keramik #instapottery #awesomestow #walthamstow #e17 #e17arttrail #london #timeout #eastlondon #hackney
AGENDA HISTORY . Four finds from the River Thames foreshore selected to help illustrate the concept of 'Agenda History'. Top Left: Queen Victoria 1887 Jubilee pipe. Top Right: 1945 Halfpenny. Bottom Left: Blitz-era Auxillery Fire Service button. Bottom Right: 19th Century pipe featuring hybrid African-Native American figure. . This month saw the publication of 'The Victorians' by conservative politician and arch-Brexiter, Jacob Rees-Mogg. This critically panned tome offers a romp through the lives of twelve Victorians who 'forged Britain' through their 'confidence and moral purpose'. As such, it unabashedly functions as an origin tale for Rees-Mogg's retro-right wing vision for Britain, a manifesto to take on values he feels are missing today. Tellingly, it includes the somewhat obscure politician Albert Dicey. Dicey's championing of holding referenda, Rees-Mogg writes, provided "the constitutional authority for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union”. . 'The Victorians' is an example of what could be described as 'agenda history'; representations of the past created to advance an agenda in the present. Agenda history is employed across a wide spectrum of causes and political sensibilities, with varying standards of scholarship. Histories such as Black History, LGBTQ+ History and Women's History seek to create in-group solidarity through a shared sense of grievance around past wrongs, coupled with pride in past achievements. They also help promote wider group acceptance through engendering sympathy, respect and acceptance. The latter is often achieved through highlighting the longevity and impact of the group's presence in the dominant society, thus reducing the sense of 'otherness'. . (CONTINUES IN COMMENTS )
16th-18th Century lead alloy tokens used in lieu of small change, for tallying, or as a 'chit for service'. All found in the past week on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Bottom Right: Very worn Elizabethan 'Lyon Counter', 1575-1590. This was an officially minted token, featuring a rampant lion within a garter and the motto "Honi soit qui mal y pense!" ("Shame on him who thinks ill of it!" ), a reference to the chivalrous Order of the Garter. . 'Garter' may well have been a reference to a fastening for armour at the time of the order's founding. As the word came to mean a woman's undergarment however, 15th Century legend retrospectively suggested a connection. The Countess of Salisbury's garter was said to have slipped from her leg while she was dancing at a court ball at Calais. When the surrounding courtiers sniggered, the king picked it up and returned it to her, exclaiming, "Honi soit qui mal y pense!". Thanks to @mikewalker for the ID. . Top Left: 17th Century token featuring a shield. . Top Right: 17th-18th Century token featuring a radiant cross, inspired by Medieval coin design. . Bottom Left: 18th Century token featuring a chequered geometric pattern. . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #museumoflondon #archaeology #coin #coincollecting #numismatics #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #hammeredcoin #riverfinds #foundobject #history #treasurehunting #treasure #historylesson #old #antique #beaccombing #beachcombingfinds #money #tudor #london #museumoflondon #britishmuseum #orderofthegarter #garter #london #vintage #legend
Roman Bone Hairpin Section (Crummy Type 3 ), AD 43-410. Nestled in the shingle on the River Thames foreshore, London. . #roman #ancientrome #archaeology #museumoflondon #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #foundobject #riverfinds #seaglass #beachcombing #rome #romans #hairpin #hair #hairstyle #pin #hairdressing #haircut #historylesson #history #hairdresser #hairstylist #vintage #fashion #beauty
18th Century Silver and Rock Crystal Cufflink. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #eighteenthcentury #georgian #buttons #button #pewter #buttoncollector #buttoncollection #vintagebuttons #history #historylesson #reenactor #historiccostume #london #riverthames #foundobject #riverfinds #beachcombing #vintage #vintagefashion #fashion #victorian #cufflink #vintagejewelry #jewelry #seaglass
WHY DOES THE WEST RULE? Four finds from the River Thames foreshore, selected to illustrate the main arguments as to why the West, and Britain in particular, emerged as the most powerful world civilisation in the late 18th Century. . GEOGRAPHY (Top Left: Bone Fids used for maritime ropeworking, 1560-1750 ). The position of Western Europe on the Atlantic coast meant it was easier for its sailors to eventually reach America and exploit its resources. This marked the beginning of European growth outpacing its closest rivals. The most developed region at the time, China, had the capability to sail to America, but there was less incentive to voyage across the Pacific, when growth opportunities were available around the Indian Ocean and into the steppe. . COLONIALISM (Top Right: Hudson Bay Trade Bead made for trade with native North Americans,17th-19th C. ). The 'Discoveries' led to a period of economic growth, industrial diversification and an export orientation. Growth in Western Europe had hitherto been restrained by shortages of land and resources. By 1700, colonisation led to a 600% increase in land available per capita and windfalls of gold, silver, furs and plantation crops. The indigenous people of the Americas, isolated from the Eurasian exchange of technological ideas (Islamic, Indian, Chinese and European ), coupled with a lack of immunity to imported diseases, were overwhelmed. . INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (Bottom Left: British East India Company coin, 1791/4. Minted in the coal-rich Midlands by steam power pioneer, Matthew Boulton ). Western European, and especially British, growth underwent its most rapid expansion following the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th Century. Britain had the advantage of extensive coal reserves to fuel new steam based technology. China had developed coal-based iron production in the 13th Century, but Mongol incursions it is argued, pushed development further south, away from coal reserves and thus limiting access. . (CONTINUES IN COMMENTS )
Pewter Finger Ring, 1400-1600. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . The wearing of finger rings evolved in the Late Medieval and Early Modern periods, reflecting the major economic and religious developments of the period. . The emergence of a 'middling sort' or merchant class made the use of contracts and other business related paperwork more common. This created demand for signet rings for use in creating wax seals. . The Protestant Reformation saw a shift from the betrothal (engagement ) ring to the wedding band being the primary signifier of marriage. . This particular find has so far proved more enigmatic, as only a small number of examples have been recorded. It has been suggested that pewter rings were made to emulate silver and given their size, were designed to be worn on the upper joint of the little finger, or by children . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldecting #metaldectingfinds #treasurehunting #beachcombing #history #historylesson #ring #medieval #foundobjects #vintagejewelry #jewelrydesigner #jewelry #archaeology #antique #vintage #antiquejewelry #seaglass #london #museumoflondon #britishmeseum #old
The Late-Medieval to Early Post-Medieval signet ring (1450-1550 ) I found on the River Thames foreshore, London, has been recorded on the Portable Antiquities Scheme database. . Signet rings became more popular around this time as the growth in trade meant an increase in the use of contracts and other documents. The ring was used personalize the wax seal on such papers. . Description by the London region Finds Liaison Officer: 'A Medieval to Post Medieval copper alloy signet ring dating from AD 1450-1550. The finger-ring has a plain band and integral bezel. The bezel is rectangular with faceted corners. The central motif is an incised black letter R D with a crown or coronet above within a rope twist border. The finger ring is similar in style and shape to signet rings in the British Museum's collections and they are dated to the early 16th century (Dalton 1912 pl VI ).' . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldecting #metaldectingfinds #treasurehunting #beachcombing #history #historylesson #ring #medieval #foundobjects #vintagejewelry #jewelrydesigner #jewelry #archaeology #antique #vintage #antiquejewelry #seaglass #signetring
Anglo-Saxon Glass Bead Section, 5th-9th Century AD (est ). Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . I've shared this find with several archaeologists including one glass expert, and the consensus is it is an Anglo-Saxon doughnut style bead with a characteristic dot and wave pattern. Such beads are often found in both pagan and Christian Anglo-Saxon graves. . If this identification is correct it would make it a rare find for the Thames foreshore. Anglo-Saxon finds turn up in much smaller quantities than those from the Roman era and the later Medieval and Post-Medieval periods. The Portable Antiquities scheme, which records finds made by mudlarkers and metal detectorists has only 127 logged from the Early Medieval period for London and only 26 specifically recorded as Saxon, yet 1,178 for the preceeding Roman period. . There are a number of reasons for this. After the Romans left Britain in AD 410, the city of Londinium was abandoned for 200 years. A much smaller Saxon settlement to the west of the Roman city was established near today's Covent Garden. The section of Thames foreshore that would have been adjacent to it was covered in the 19th Century by the Victoria Embankment, limiting find opportunities. In 604 however, a cathedral was established within the boundary of the old city which may explain how this bead came to rest in its find spot.
On International Women's Day how does history challenge the belief it is 'natural' for men to dominate society? . Top: Queen Victoria Golden Jubilee tobacco pipe, 1887. Bottom: Edwardian pipe featuring pioneering stunt parachutist, Dolly Shepherd. Both found on the River Thames foreshore, London . For most of Homo Sapiens' existence we were hunter gatherers. Anthropological study of such societies that still exist today has shown a high degree of equality between men and women in terms of decision making and resource allocation. . Around 12,000 years ago however, humankind began to move away from hunting and gathering and started practicing agriculture. It has been argued this shift led to greater male dominance. . Agricultual surplus meant higher fertility meaning women spent more of their lives pregnant or minding children. Cultivated cereals required more processing than wild foods Given this could be done while supervising children it became women's work. It has also been argued that as the population increased, new more intensive farming methods were required such as ploughing, manuring and irrigation which required greater body strength. This more dominant role men played in cultivating the land and a new focus on land ownership, may explain the emergence of patrilineal inheritance systems. . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #coin #iwd2019 #womensday #balanceforbetter #sexism #history #historylesson #london #riverthames #foundobject #riverfinds #beachcombing #vintage #pottery #ceramics #vintagefashion #parachuting #patriarchy #antique #britishmuseum #archaeology
17th-18th Century Ring Bezel. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Dating this find has been through a process of elimination (or 'calculatus eliminatus' for those familiar with Dr. Seuss ); 'not roman, not medieval but not modern'. I still haven't been able to track down a similar period example however! Thoughts welcome. . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #treasurehunting #treasure #metaldectingfinds #metaldetecting #jewelrydesigner #jewelry #ring #archaeology #beachcombing #beachcombingfinds #17thcentury #vintagejewelry #vintage #antique #london #foundobjects #foundobject #archaeology
'Tokens, Turnips and the Agricultural Revolution'. 17th-18th Century Lead Token featuring the initials 'WH'. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Similar 'WH' tokens have been found in rural locations in counties around London leading to the suggestion they were given to agricultural workers to tally work completed. Hop picking is one possibility. . More broadly, such tokens were contemporaneous with the Agricultural Revolution in England. This is the term given to the lesser remembered, but no less important rural sibling of the Industrial Revolution. It refers to a series of innovations in farming that significantly improved productivity and had profound social consequences. . One of these was rotating crops on a four year basis using turnips and clover as two of the crops in the rotation, a technique attributed (albeit maybe wrongly ) to Charles "Turnip" Townshend. Clover, used for grazing, added nitrogen to the soil, enriching it, while turnips provided more fodder. . These changes were faciliated by the 'enclosure' of common land and end of strip farming. This turned many agricultural workers off the land who were forced to move to towns and join the urban poor. . Nevertheless, the Agricultural Revolution significantly increased crop and livestock yields. This in turn helped allow for population growth. In 1750 the population of England was around 5.7 million. It has been estimated it had reached this level before, in the Roman period, then around 1300, and again in 1650. But it is argued in each case the population ceased to grow further because agriculture could not respond to the pressure of feeding extra people. By 1850 the population was 16.6 million. The population of London grew by 500% over the preceeding century. . Images: Top right: 18th C. print of a turnip. Bottom Right: 'Woman Peeling Turnips', Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin, 1740. . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetecting #metaldetectingfinds #treasurehunting #beachcombing #foundobjects #coincollecting #token #traderstoken #coin #numismatics #london #riverthames #17thcentury #agriculture #historylesson #history #farming #museumoflondon #antique #vintage #turnip #vegetables
Musket Ball (top, 32g ) and Buckshot (bottom, 8g ). c. 1600-1845. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. Image right: Scottish soldier armed with musket, 1790. . By today's standards muskets were highly inaccurate in battle. This was because musket balls were deliberately made to not fit tightly in the gun's bore as this started to get clogged with powder after a few rounds. Consequently, the ball rattled around travelling down the bore and flew in whichever direction it happened to be careening as it left the muzzle. The ball's trajectory was further impacted by the fact musket balls were imperfectly shaped, as can be seen with this find. . This meant often musketeers were not expected to aim at specific targets but to deliver massed fire into the enemy line.
The wine bottle seal I found dated 1675 from the Crown Tavern, Oxford, has now been recorded on the Portable Antiquities Scheme database. . Description by the Finds Liaison Officer: . "A Post Medieval glass bottle seal dated AD 1675. The bottle seal depicts the cipher of William and Anne Morrell the licensees at the Crown Tavern Oxford between AD 1660-1679, above this is a crown with low indented cushion; coronet with Maltese cross at the middle; circlet jewelled; to left and right OX ... ON; below the cipher is 75 for AD 1675. Leeds (1941:45 ) writes "The tavern which stood on the site of No.3, Cornmarket Street, was best known under this name." . Seals were attached to the side of wine bottles to indicate who their owner was. This was important as taverns sold wine for consumption off the premises and charged a deposit on bottles. Private individuals also had seals on their bottles as these were refilled by wine merchants. .
Late 16th-17th Century Cloth Seal. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Seals were applied to cloth in the Early Modern period at various stages of its manufacture as a guarentee of quality. The interlocking circle design on this example is associated with the Colchester Dutch community; refugee weavers who moved to England to escape religious persecution in the Spanish Netherlands. . This emigration arose when King Philip II of Spain (r. 1527-1598 ) assumed control of the Netherlands and instigated harsh counter measures against Protestantism. Those Protestants that remained led the Dutch Revolt (1568–1648 ), the outcome of which still shapes the map of Europe with the northern provinces (today's Netherlands ) eventually separating from the southern provinces (today's Belgium and Luxembourg ).
Roman bone hairpin section, AD 43-410. This is the second one I've found recently on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Hairstyling was important to Roman women in conveying attractiveness just as it is today. (See examples right ). In ‘The Art of Love’, Roman poet Ovid advices women on seduction techniques. He urges "taste and elegance in hair” alongside reading poetry, learning to play games, sleeping with men of different ages and flirting. He is concerned women choose the right style; “an oval-shaped head suggests a plain parting”, “a round face asks for a small knot on the top”, and “tangled hair suits many girls: often you’d think it’s been hanging loose since yesterday" . To help create these styles wealthier Roman households often had slave hairdressers (‘orantrices’ ) to attend to female members’ needs. Ovid urges women having a bad hair day to not take it out on their orantrice; . "Beware especially lest you’re irritable then, or are always loosening your failed hairstyle again. Leave your maid alone: I hate those who scratch her face with their nails, or prick the arm they’ve snatched at with a pin. She’ll curse her mistress’s head at every touch, as she weeps, bleeding, on the hateful tresses. If your hair’s appalling, set a guard at your threshold." . #roman #ancientrome #archaeology #museumoflondon #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #foundobject #riverfinds#seaglass #beachcombing #rome #romans #hairpin #hair #hairstyle #pin #hairdressing#haircut #hairpinup #historylesson #hisstory #hairdresser #hairstylist #vintage #seduction #fashion #ovid #poetry
Royal Navy officers button, 1891-1901, found on the River Thames foreshore, London. Military insignia of course signifies rank within a hierarchy. The Victorian era is often portrayed as stiffly conformist, but it was also one that abounded with radical new ideas both challenging and supporting the hierarchies of the day. . Karl Marx challenged the hierarchical structure of capitalism. For Marx, social hierarchy was borne from the economic ‘mode of production’, in which one class controls the process of production (e.g. factory owners ) while another comprises the providers of services to this class (e.g. factory workers ). He saw history as defined by class conflict and believed this would inevitably cause capitalism to self-destruct and eventually be replaced by communism. 19th Century Anarchists shared the Marxists’ aim of eliminating capitalism, but whereas Marxists saw the continued need for a state after the overthrow of capitalism, Anarchists equated any form of state with hierarchy and oppression. . Radical thinking also emerged in the form of Eugenics. In 1893, Francis Galton suggested the genetic 'quality' of a human population could be improved through encouraging or suppressing reproduction, depending on a person's eugenic 'value' . Eugenics found favor across the political spectrum, including within the British Labour Party. Its flawed assumptions about heritable traits were variously used to justify existing hierarchies in the form of colonialism, racism, class superiority and forced sterilization. . After the horrors of the Nazi holocaust eugenics fell from favor and the focus of the ‘nature vs nurture’ debate shifted away from whether heritable genetic traits exist, to whether it was politically or ethically permissible to admit their existence. It took until the 1990s for heritability to became an acceptable area of study.
16th-17th Century key. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London.
17th-early 19th Century stoneware marble (best est. ) Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Stoneware marbles were imported from the Rhineland in the Early Modern period but this find is rather cruder in form and finish. Maybe a potter in London used some leftover clay to make a few marbles for his his children but didn't own a marble mould, so just rolled them by hand. . Any more precise ID thoughts welcome. . #archaeology #ceramics #history #pottery #stonewarepottery #stoneware #mudlark #mudlarking #londonhistory #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #bottledigging #beachcombing #dirtdigging #seventeenthcentury #kiln #saggar #potterykiln #marble #marbles #marblecollection #marblecollector
15th-17th Century 'Pinner's Bone', a tool hand made from animal bone, used to steady pins while they were being sharpened. Found in 2017 on the River Thames foreshore, London. Pins were ubiquitous, yet prized posessions in the Early Modern period, used for holding clothing in place such as headdresses. Females of the lower orders typically only used a few, but royals dressing for special occasions could utilize several hundred to help hold an outfit in place. . In 1543, a law establishing quality standards for pins was passed: “No person shall put to sale any pynnes but only such as shall be double-headed and have all the heads soldered fast to the shanke of the pynnes, well smoothed, the shanke well sharpen, the point well and filed, canted and sharpened.” Pinner's bones helped makers create pins to this standard. .
Roman Constantine one follis coin, 309-337 AD on the River Thames foreshore, London back in 2017. . In addition to feeding his enemies to wild beasts, Constantine was famous for ending the persecution of Christians in the Western Empire in 313 AD. It would take another 600 years however, before the faith became widely established in Britain, duking it out with paganism along the way and never quite completely replacing it. . Christianity first reached Britain in the 3rd Century AD via Roman traders, soldiers and officials. At this point it was just one of a number of competing cults which also included those of the deities Cybele, Isis, and Mithras. Roman gods were also fused with Celtic deities, for example, Apollo-Cunomaglus and Sulis-Minerva. It has been suggested this Romano-British religion was akin to India today - polytheistic with Christianity having only a small presence. . With the Roman withdrawal from Britain in 410 AD, and the subsequent Anglo-Saxon invasions, Christianity withered and paganism again became dominant. Deities included Woden and Tiw with elves, nicor, dragons and shamanism all part of the belief landscape. Only in Wales was Christianity sustained. . Augustine's mission in 597 AD to convert the Anglo Saxons progressed Christianity for nearly 200 years, incorporating many pagan festivities, figures and practices along the way. The Viking invasions then led again to a fresh injection of paganism. Eventually, following King Alfred's defeat of the Norse invaders and the Norman conquest of 1066, Christianity became the dominant official religion in Britain with a comprehensive infrastructure across the country. This said though, pagan practices and beliefs; love magic, healing, witchcraft intermingled with Christianity continuously, although declining over time. The last recorded witch lynching was in the late 19th Century.
Roman glass bead (best est. ) AD 43-410. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . Jewelry tells us something about gender relations in Roman Britain. Roman families were male dominated with the women's role focused on 'pietas familiae', or nurturing a family. In legal and financial matters women were obliged to nominate a male family member to act in their interests, the only exceptions being Vestel Virgins (priestesses of the goddess Vesta ) , women with three children and freed female slaves with four children. This was to keep property under male control even though male and female children technically had equal inheritance rights. . One exception was jewelry; 'it was important to women because it was considered to be their own property, which could be kept independently of their husband's wealth and used as the women saw fit. They had the right to buy, sell, bequeath, or barter their own jewelry.' . #bead #antiqueglass #glassblowing #handblownglass #mudlarking #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #seaglass #foundobject #beachcombing #treasurehunting #glass #archaeology #socialhistory #jewelry #historiccostume #artefact #beadcollection #jewelrydesigner #history #historylesson #ancientrome #roman #genderstudies #womenshistory
My favourite token and jetton finds from the River Thames foreshore, London in 2018. . Top row: - 17th Century lead token bearing issuer's initials - Trader's token, 1654, 'William Buldwin at Kingston' featuring three salmon hauriant, a reference to the arms of Kingston upon Thames - Two identical tiny 17th Century lead tokens bearing the issuer's initials . Middle Row: - Nuremburg jetton, 1663-1706 - 18th Century lead tavern token featuring a bottle and wine glass - 18th Century token possibly from a tavern and featuring an eel fork. . Bottom Row: - Coventry halfpenny token, 1799. Featuring an elephant with war castle from the arms of the city - Victorian brass spade guinea gaming token made to resemble a Georgian gold sovereign - Victorian half size gaming token . #token #traderstoken #leadtoken #coincollecting #coin #numismatics #mudlarking #archaeology #london #history #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #beachcombing #treasurehunting #riverthames #riverfinds #alcohol #tavern #pub #georgian #17thcentury #georgian #vintage #antique #foundobject #london
This medallion from a bartmann jug I found was produced between 1550 and 1700. But what period is this? An archaeologist will answer 'Post-Medieval' but an historian may well answer 'Early Modern'. Why? . Archaeologists divide the past into periods based on differences in the objects typical of the time. They see significant differences between the objects of the Roman period and the Medieval period that follows it. They see a more incremental difference between objects of the Medieval period and those of the 2-300 years that follow it. Hence, they call the period after 1540 until the start of the 19th or 20th Centuries, the 'Post-Medieval' period. . Historians define periods around different characteristics. The period 1500-1800 is the 'Early Modern' period; the early stage of modernity, as opposed to the incremental evolution of Medieval times it is for the archaeologists. That said, exactly how 'modern' the period was, is the subject of debate. But, it is argued, emerging capitalism, global trade links and science mark it out as significantly different from the Medieval period. And, they continue to be defining characteristics of the Modern period; from the late 18th Century to today. . There are numerous approaches to periodizing the past. 'Pre' or 'Post' can be attached to events judged to have had great impact such as 'Post-Colonial'. They can be culturally based such as 'the 60s' or 'the Romantic period', or defined around iconic individuals such as 'the Victorian age'. Other approaches derive from political thought such as Marx's historical materialism which periodizes not only the past but also the desired future. This leads to left wing writers today using the term 'late capitalism', which carries the odd connotation that the duration of capitalism is already known. . The periodization of the past is a confusing and imprecise endeavour. Periods overlap, contradict and often involve the biases or interests of those that define them. . #mudlarkingfinds #mudlarking #beachcombing #riverfinds #metaldetecting #metaldectingfinds #history #foundobject #historylesson #history #earlymodern #ceramics #archaeology #keramic #ceramicart #instapottery #pottery
18th Century button, found on the River Thames foreshore, London. Originally it would have had a wooden back piece. . #button #mudlarking #archaeology #treasurehunting #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #vintageclothing #vintagefashion #georgian #reenactor #history #london #londonhistory #foundobject #beachcombing #riverfinds #tailoring #historiccostume #mudlark #fashion #buttoncollector #vintage #antique #archaeology
17th Century key, found at the London mooring spot of the Mayflower, on which the Pilgrim Fathers set sail for America in 1620. . There's only a small chance of a direct connection with the Mayflower as many other ships were moored nearby, but 17th Century finds from this location provide some insight into the artefacts that might have been on board. . #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldecting #metaldectingfinds #treasurehunting #beachcombing #history #historylesson #foundobjects #archaeology #antique #vintage #key #mayflower #17thcentury #pilgrimfathers #newengland
WW2 American M1 round, probably dropped by a GI. Found on the River Thames foreshore, London. . This find reminded me of Peter Vronsky's book on the history of serial killers, 'Sons of Cain' (2018 ). Vronsky identifies a "golden age" of serial killing in the 1970s-1980s, when an unprecedented 2,056 killers were known to be active. For example, John Wayne Gacy, Ted Bundy and Gary Ridgway. He argues "their behaviour was shaped in childhood by repressed post-World War II and Cold War era societal and cultural trauma, fear and loathing". . As evidence, Vronsky cites the less heroic activities of American GIs. 84,000 serious assaults on women were committed in Europe, indcluding 400 in the UK. He also highlights the large scale war-trophy harvesting of human heads and other body parts in the Pacific. Even 'Life' magazine proudly featured a sweetheart who had been sent one as a gift (see image top right ) by her serving beau. Vronsky believes serial killers of the '70s and '80s were more likely to have been fathered by men who engaged in or witnessed this activity. He also cites the influence of post-war sadistic torture "sweats", publications that salasciously exaggerated accounts of Nazi wartime sexual atrocities. Headlines such as 'The Nazi Madhouse Zoo of Ravaged Women' were typical. Sweats were sold in every grocery store and were a favourite of many "golden age" killers as children. . Vronsky falls short of exploring the specific effects of WW2 on family members of all but a few killers. But, in combination with 1960s societal and sexual changes creating more potential victims, media attention and limitations in police investigation, it's a worthwhile hypothesis that a terrible confluence was created which helped nurture an epidemic of serial killing. . A deeply chilling but thought provoking book. . #petervronsky #crime #ww2 #worldwar2 #militaryhistory #mudlarking #mudlarking #mudlarkingfinds #metaldetecting #antique #bullet #vintage #comic #london #londonhistory #history #historylesson #truecrime #treasure #artefact #lost #found #beachcombing #beachcombingfinds #serialkiller #murder #psychology #crime #pulpfiction #ammo #m1carbine
Compilation of the Bartmann jug face sherds (1550-1700 ), I've found this year on the River Thames foreshore, London. Bartmann means 'Bearded Man' in German. The face design on the neck of the jug was originally a reference to the 'Wild Man of the Woods' or 'Green Man', both common figures in Medieval and Early-Modern European folklore. Some designs incorporate stylized foliage into the beard and eyebrows. Others are more human. The faces also display a range of emotions. Most are angry but others are more neutral and occasionally smiling. . These examples are mostly 16th-early 17th Century. Later face designs tend to be cruder. . Bartmann jugs were used for ale, water and other liquids. . #mudlark #mudlarking #bottledigging #bottlecollection #jug #stoneware #pottery #ceramics #face #archaeology #history #materialculture #artefact #metaldetectingfinds #metaldetecting #beachcombing #seaglass #mudlarkingfinds #bellarminejug #beard #beards #folklore #greenman #sixteenthcentury #foundobject #foundobjects #historylesson #pagan